Failure to urinate or passing little urine can be a sign of a urethral obstruction and is a veterinary emergency.
FLUTD refers to a range of disorders that lead to difficulty in urinating. FLUTD is more commonly seen in cats older than 4 years of age and rarely diagnosed in young cats. Cats with chronic kidney disease or diabetes seem to be more predisposed to the condition.
Risk factors for FLUTD:
Common signs of FLUTD:
Common causes of FLUTD:
Age seems to play a role in the cause of FLUTD in cats with cats greater than 10 years of age often having more straightforward cases than younger cats.
|Top causes of FLUTD in older cats||Top causes of FLUTD in younger cats|
Cystitis & FIC
Cystitis often occurs on and off resolving without treatment within 3-5 days. It is estimated that over 50% of cats that suffer from FLUTD have cystitis with feline idiopathic cystitis thought to be the most common cause of FLUTD in cats.
Bladder crystals or stones
Bladder crystals and stones are also commonly occurring in approximately 20% of cases. The most common types are struvite or calcium oxalate and can cause blockage of the urethra.
Struvite crystals are often responsible for causing a urethral plug that blocks the cat's urethra and the ability to urinate. It is important to note that struvite crystals can be found in both affected and normal cats.
Urinary tract cancer
Only 1-5% of cats will have urinary tract cancer.
Only 1-5% of cats will have problems relating to trauma such as being hit by a car.
A full workup is required to determine the cause of the urinary system problem. Your veterinarian may run a blood panel, urinalysis, culture, radiographs or ultrasound to determine the cause.
Bringing in a fresh urine sample can be very helpful for your veterinarian.
Tips on how to collect a urine sample at home:
The goal of treatment is to increase water consumption, reduce stress, manage the infection and crystals, and reduce pain.
Management of FLUTD:
Unfortunately, some cats will experience frequent recurrences of FLUTD. Careful, long-term monitoring is required in these cases.
Tips to help prevent FLUTD:
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