Eltham Veterinary Practice
644 Main Road
Eltham Victoria 3095 AU
03 9439 8650


Food poisons

Cooking vegetables such as onion, garlic, leek and chives do not make them less toxic.


Poisoning can occur when a toxic food product is ingested, inhaled, or absorbed.


There are many food products that are poisonous to our pets. If your pet gains access to the following list of food products, seek veterinary attention immediately.

Common food poisons:

  • Chocolate
  • Grapes
  • Raisins
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Tomato leaves or stems
  • Mushrooms
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Xylitol (sugar substitute)


General signs of poisoning:

  • Salivating
  • Twitching or tremors
  • Agitation
  • Panting
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Skin burns
  • Weakness
  • Loss of balance

Some examples of specific poisoning:

Onions, garlic, leek, and chives

They are all members of the same vegetable family and can cause anemia in cats.

Cooking them does not make them less toxic.

Raw potato Can cause tummy upsets with drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea
Wild mushrooms They vary in toxicity levels but can cause vomiting, liver failure, and death.
Watermelon seeds, apple seeds, and stems These are toxic and cause dilated pupils, panting, respiratory problems, and shock as they contain cyanide.
Rhubarb leaves They are toxic and cause kidney failure and tremors.


The above list is not an exhaustive list of food products. If you are unsure, contact your veterinarian. Care must be taken when feeding pets from our kitchen. Certain food items can be poisonous to our pets. When giving treats, always given in moderation and avoid high fat and high sugar foods.

If your pet shows signs of poisoning such as increased salivation, tremors, difficulty breathing, collapse, seek veterinary attention.